Tonsils refers to two oval shaped mass of lymphatic tissue lying at the back of the throat, one on the either side. These play a role in the immune system serving as a first line of defence to fight against pathogens (like virus, bacteria) that get inhaled or ingested. But in this process they too can get infected and inflamed termed as tonsillitis. In case of acute tonsillitis the tonsils become enlarged, red and inflamed. This may progress to follicular tonsillitis in which the crypts (tube like invaginations from the surface epithelium of tonsils) get filled with debris and pus. It presents as yellow or white spots at the opening of the crypts on the tonsils which gives follicular appearance. Homeopathic remedies for follicular tonsillitis help reduce inflammation, swelling, redness of the tonsils as well as pus points. In case of chronic follicular tonsillitis the crypts get filled with infected cheesy matter.
It can arise from viral (most common) or bacterial infections. Some viral agents that are involved in it include adenovirus, influenza virus, rhinovirus, Epstein Barr virus (EBV) and parainfluenza virus. The main bacteria that cause it is Streptococcus pyogenes that causes strep throat. Some other less common bacterial agents that can cause it are streptococcus pneumoniae, chlamydia pneumoniae and mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Children of school age group who tend to spend more time with other same age grouped kids are at risk of frequent exposure to viruses or bacteria that can cause tonsillitis. Children between age 5 yrs to 15 yrs are most at risk of bacterial tonsillitis. Tonsillitis is rare in babies less than 1 year of age and also those above 50 years of age.
In these cases initially high temperature (between 102 to 104 degree fahrenheit) occurs which is accompanied with chill. Along with this headache, loss of appetite and pain in the bone of limbs is usually felt. The tonsillitis signs and symptoms get prominent between 6 to 12 hrs after the infection. In this there occur redness and swelling of the tonsils, pain in the throat that may extend to the ear, a sensation of foreign body in the throat and fullness on swallowing. Tongue may be coated and can be attended with bad odour from the mouth. There can also be swelling and tenderness of the neck glands. Following this the inflammation extends to the pharynx and uvula, elongation of uvula may also appear, whitish spots form on the tonsils, throat becomes dry, increase in the throat pain occurs that is worse during deglutition. The acute follicular tonsillitis may progress to the next stage called acute membranous tonsillitis (in this the exudation from the crypts join in together to form a membrane on the tonsil surface).
Homeopathic Remedies for Follicular Tonsillitis
Homeopathic medicines are quite effective in treating cases of follicular tonsillitis. These medicines are prepared from naturally occurring substances so are very safe, gentle to use without any kind of side effects. Homeopathic medicines boost the disease fighting mechanism of the body to fight with the infection and aid natural recovery in these cases. Along with this the accompanying symptoms like pain, swallowing difficulty are relieved too. The best suitable medicine is selected individually for every case depending on the symptoms presentation. In case of difficulty breathing, excessive difficulty in swallowing, obstructive sleep apnea (a serious sleep disorder in which momentary pauses occur in breathing several times during sleep) and collection of pus behind a tonsil (peritonsillar abscess), it is strictly advised to take urgent help from conventional mode of treatment.
1. Belladonna – For Acute Tonsillitis before Formation of Pus Spots
This medicine is prepared from a plant named deadly nightshade. It belongs to family solanaceae. In cases needing it the tonsils are bright red and enlarged. The fauces and the uvula are also bright red and shiny. It is attended with fever. The throat is excessively dry. Heated sensation is felt in the throat. Next there is burning and scraping sensation in the throat. This is accompanied by difficulty in swallowing. This is worse for swallowing liquids. Mostly violent, scraping, shooting, stinging or lancinating pain in the throat is felt when swallowing. A lump or plug feeling in the throat is also there. Throat is sensitive to touch.
2. Hepar Sulph – With Pus Spots on Tonsils
It is one of the best medicines where pus spots occur on the tonsils. In cases needing it the throat pain is felt which is worse on swallowing. Smarting sensation and rawness in the throat is also there when swallowing. In some cases stitching pain from the throat radiates to the ears during deglutition. Throat feels intensely swollen and a tickling sensation in the back of the throat is felt. The uvula is elongated with this. Throat dryness is also present. Another important symptom that appears is a sensation of a plug of mucus or a splinter in the throat. The glands in the neck may be swollen. It is also well-indicated medicine for recurring tonsillitis.
3. Silicea – For Stitching or Pricking Pain
This medicine is well indicated when pus points on the tonsils are attended with pain of stitching or pricking type as occurring from pins. The pain is worse when swallowing. The throat feels dry and the palate and uvula are swollen. Sometimes a burning sensation is also felt in the throat. In some cases thick, yellow or green mucus is hawked up. This has a very offensive smell.
4. Merc Sol – For Sharp Pains in Tonsils
It is highly beneficial medicine when whitish spots on the tonsils are accompanied with sharp pain. Tonsils are enlarged, dark red and are studded with ulcers where this medicine is required. The uvula is excessively swollen and elongated along with this. The soft palate is also red and swollen. Difficult swallowing is there. Excessive salivation is present. It may be slimy or stringy in nature. Bad odour from the mouth is marked along with above symptoms. The throat feels raw and rough. In some cases needing it the pain from the throat radiates to the ears especially while swallowing. Lastly there may be trickling of mucus back into the throat.
5. Phytolacca – For Marked Burning Pains in Throat
It is prepared from plant Phytolacca decandra commonly known as Poke root and Red Ink Plant. It belongs to family phytolaccaceae. This medicine is suited when there is intense burning pain in the throat. The tonsils are enlarged, congested dark red, bluish or dark purple and are swollen. Dryness, roughness, rawness and excoriation is felt in the throat. Uvula is enlarged. There is soreness of the throat and sensation of a lump in the throat that causes a continuous desire to swallow. Disposition to hawk and clear throat is also there. The breath is fetid. Swallowing is difficult and painful. On swallowing excruciating and shooting pains extend to the ears through the throat.
6. Baryta Carb – For Swollen Tonsils with Excessive Salivation
This medicine is helpful for cases in which the tonsils are swollen with excessive salivation. The tonsils are enlarged with pus. The palate is also swollen. Pain of smarting or stinging nature on swallowing is marked in the throat. Viscid phlegm in the throat in the morning may attend. It is a well indicated medicine when the throat symptoms move from right to left side.
7. Kali Mur – For Inflamed Tonsils with Painful Swallowing
This medicine works well when the tonsils are inflamed with intense pain while swallowing. The tonsils are covered with white or grayish white spots. Dryness and roughness is present in the fauces. Along with the above symptoms a person may hawk up thick and white cheesy mucus which has a very bad smell and taste.
8. Lachesis – For Swollen Tonsils with Small Yellow Patches
It is an important medicine for cases in which the tonsils are swollen along with small yellow patches on them. The tonsils and the uvula are swollen and dark red in colour. With this there is great difficulty to swallow. Swelling and pain is present especially in tonsil on the left side. The swelling and pain may shift to the right side tonsil. The pain from tonsils has a tendency to radiate to the ears. Other than this fullness, rawness and soreness in the throat is present. Next there is a sensation of a bread crumb sticking in the throat. There is also frequent inclination to swallow though it is painful.
9. Psorinum – With Cutting or Tearing Pain on Swallowing
It is a useful medicine for marked throat pain of cutting or tearing type on swallowing. The pain may radiate to the ears. With this a sensation of a plug or lump in the throat is felt. There is accumulation of tough mucus in the throat. Scraping sensation is felt in the throat. Sometimes there is a burning and scalding sensation in the throat. In some cases excessive offensive saliva is present.