Aloe vera, commonly known as Barbados or Curacao Aloe, is an herbal medicine with a long tradition of use by a variety of cultures. It is a succulent plant grows in arid and subtropical climates and is best known for 2 distinct preparations: the clear mucilaginous gel and the thick sap of the leaves. It is cultivated for agricultural and medicinal uses. The species is also used for decorative purposes and grows successfully indoors as a potted plant. It shows antibacterial, anti-oxidant, antiviral, antitumor, antiarthritic, antirheumatoid, anticancer, and antidiabetic, antifungal property.
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It has different names in different languages such as Hindi name(Gheekuvar), Marathi name(korfad), English Name(Indian Aloe), Telugu Name(Kalabanda), Kannada name(Lolisara, Lolesara), Malayalam Name(Kumari, Kattar Vazha), Tamil Name(Kathaazhai), Bengali Name(Ghrita Kumari).
Vitamin and mineral content
• Vitamins : A, C, E, B12, B complex, Choline
• Minerals : calcium, copper, selenium, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium, zinc, chromium,
• Enzymes : aliiase, alkaline phosphatase, amylase, bradykinase, carboxypeptidase, catalase, cellulase, lipase, and peroxidase.
– Bradykinase helps to reduce excessive inflammation when applied to the skin topically, while others help in the breakdown of sugars and fats.
• Anthraquinones : It provides 12 anthraquinones, which are phenolic compounds traditionally known as laxatives.
– Aloin and emodin act as analgesics, antibacterials and antivirals.
• Fatty acids : It provides 4 plant steroids; cholesterol, campesterol, β-sisosterol and lupeol.
– All these fatty acids have anti-inflammatory action and lupeol also possesses antiseptic and analgesic properties.
• Hormones : Auxins and gibberellins that help in wound healing and have anti-inflammatory action.
• Sugars : It provides monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and polysaccharides (glucomannans/polymannose). These are derived from the mucilage layer of the plant and are known as mucopolysaccharides.
– mannose-6-phosphate(most prominent monosaccharide), beta-(1,4)-acetylated mannan(most common polysaccharides), Acemannan(prominent glucomannan)
– Recently, a glycoprotein with antiallergic properties, called alprogen and novel anti-inflammatory compound, C-glucosyl chromone, has been isolated from Aloe vera gel.
> Many of the medicinal effects of Aloe leaf extracts have been attributed to the polysaccharides found in the inner leaf parenchymatous tissue.
• It provides 20 of the 22 human required amino acids and 7 of the 8 essential amino acids.
• It also contains salicylic acid that possesses anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
• Lignin, an inert substance, when included in topical preparations, enhances penetrative effect of the other ingredients into the skin.
• Saponins that are the soapy substances form about 3% of the gel and have cleansing and antiseptic properties.
Properties and benefits
• Taste – bitter
• Qualities – Guru (heaviness), Snigdha (oily, unctuous), Picchila (sticky, slimy)
• Taste conversion after digestion – Katu(pungent)
• Potency – Shetala(Cold)
• Effect on Tridosha – Balances all the three Doshas.
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• Bhedani – Useful in constipation
• Kapha Jwarahara – useful in fever
• Granthihara – useful in small tumors, fibroids, lymphadenitis
• Balya – improves strength and immunity
• Agnidagdha – useful in treating burn wounds
• Vrushya – aphrodisiac, improves vigor
• Visphotahara – relieves boils, blisters
• Raktapittahara – Useful in bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding, heavy periods, etc
• Tvak Roga – useful in skin disorders, psoriasis.
• Chakshushya – improves vision, good for eyes, useful in eye disorders
• Vishahara – Anti toxic
• Vatahara – useful in treating disorders of Vata Dosha imbalance such as neuralgia, paralysis, constipation, bloating, etc
• Gulmahara – useful in abdominal tumors
• Pleehahara – useful in spleen disorders, splenomegaly
• Yakrut Vruddhihara – useful in hepatitis, hepatomegaly
• Rasayana – anti aging, causes cell and tissue rejuvenation
• Pittaja Kasahara – useful in cough and cold of Pitta origin
• Shwasahara – useful in treatment of asthma and chronic respiratory disorders.
Uses, application and benefits
Blood thinning action of Aloevera is very useful against cholesterol. So, it is very useful in treating atherosclerosis (blood vessels clogged with clot and fat deposition).
For constipation, 10 gram pulp of aloevera paste is made with rock salt, mixed well and then boiled(to evaporate the water content). Take this once a day.
Aloe Vera leaf is heated on burning charcoal, cuticle……..
Further read on following link
Indian Journal Of Dermatology ; 2008; 53(4): 163–166.
2) Natural Medicine Journal ; September 2012 Vol. 4 Issue 9 : https://www.naturalmedicinejournal.com/journal/2012-09/aloe-vera-gel-research-review
3) The Review on Properties of Aloe Vera in Healing of Cutaneous Wounds; Volume 2015 |Article ID 714216 : https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2015/714216/
4) Aloe vera: An Ancient Herb for Modern Dentistry—A Literature Review; Volume 2014 |Article ID 210463 : https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jds/2014/210463/
5) Identification of five phytosterols from Aloe vera gel as anti-diabetic compounds : https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16819181/
7) Therapeutic and Medicinal Uses of Aloe vera: A Review : https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262698658
8) Book – Dravya Gunna Vigyan Vol 2
11) local tradition and knowledge